Altitude mountain sickness is a common type of temporary problem that arises while hiking into the High Lands or mountain. Nepal is land of Himalayas we have a very High Mountains. To explore the beauty of Himalayas you must walk into the high elevation area. On this time you might get the Altitude mountain sickness, Not Everyone but some of you.
It is always very good to read a lot about the altitude mountain sickness before you start the trek so that you can figure out what really might happen to you while you do the trek into the Nepal Himalayas.
There are a lot of Altitude mountain sickness cases in everywhere of Nepal Trek route. The higher you go the higher risk of Altitude mountain sickness. Everest base camp, Annapurna circuit trek are popular and very high trek routes which are very popular in Nepal
The altitude mountain sickness happens due to thin air and lack of oxygen for our body rather than we need. Generally above 3000 Meter, the altitude starts. Not for everyone but some of you. The higher you go the higher chance of AMS.
Types of Altitude mountain sickness
There are different type of Altitude mountain sickness. they are acute (mild) altitude or mountain sickness (AMS), high-altitude pulmonary edema (HAPE), and high-altitude cerebral edema (HACE).
Normal AMS symptoms – expected but not serious.
This is the first and most common stage of mountain sickness. In this first stage of AMS, you’ll feel Headache (Mild to strong), Weakness, vomiting, and can not sleep during your sleep
High Altitude Pulmonary Oedema (HAPE)
High Altitude Pulmonary Oedema (HAPE) is a dangerous. in this type of Ams it a build-up of fluid in the lungs that prevents the air spaces from opening up and filling with fresh air with each breath that human takes. When this happens, in this way the sufferers can not get enough oxygen that their body needs
High Altitude Pulmonary Oedema (HAPE) symptoms
- HAPE usually occurs after 2 or 3 days stays at altitudes above 2500 meter from the sea level
- the sufferer becomes more breathless as compared to others, even on rest the sufferer might be breathless
- the sufferer can produce white or pink frothy sputum
- The sufferer Heart rate may be fast, the lips may turn blue and body temperature may be elevated
High Altitude Cerebral Oedema (HACE)
High Altitude Cerebral oedema (HACE) is A severe form of altitude sickness is high altitude cerebral edema. This is a very dangerous stage of AMS, in this stage, the fluid builds up within the brain. As the brain starts to fill with the fluid. The brain becomes the function-less which means the suffers can be mental and left the work of coordination. If there is no treatment immediately the person might die within an hour.
High Altitude Pulmonary Oedema (HAPE) symptoms
- severe headache appears on this stage
- Vomiting often
- The sufferers lethargy will progress to unsteadiness
- High resting heartbeat (over 130 beats per minute)
- This can kill people within a hours
- HACE will find it difficult to walk heel-to-toe in a straight line
How to avoid the Altitude Mountain Sickness/ or Method to avoid Altitude mountain sickness
there is some prevention from which you can avoid Altitude Mountain Sickness. This might be very good to you while you are doing trek here in Nepal
Descents down immediately
If you are in very high altitude elevation, You must stop to going accents. Depending on your situations you can do rest or if you think this is going to be tougher for you it is always good to go down elevation. This allows your lungs to get more oxygen that your body needs. within some hours you might be ok.
Acclimatization at higher altitudes for some days
The second way you can get rid of altitude mountain sickness is Acclimatization at higher altitudes for some days . This allows you to adjust your body in this altitude. The adjust allows you to be fit on High Elevations or on that atmosphere.
Drink enough water
The another way you can avoid altitude mountain sickness is drink a lot of water. We suggest drink as much as you can. There is no limitation how much you need to drink but drink more than you do in your normal life. Drink prevents you from hydration so it is very good to drink a lot of water while you are on mountain.
Do not do hard Exercise
While you are in the high himalaya or anywhere it is always good to avoid the high exercise. Hard exercise might cause you high energy consumption, which results in loss of oxygen levels in the body. So there is more chance you might get the Altitude Mountain Sickness
Climb high Sleep low
Climb high Sleep low is another way to prevent you from The Altitude mountain sickness. During the sleep you might get the disturbance if you sleep in very high altitude. Sleep is very essential for your body so that to become acclimatize you need to hike to the Higher elevation that allows you to adjust and sleep in lower elevations gives you the proper energy on your body
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